The Solo’s 8.6 kW, 82 hp lithium-ion electric motor produces 140 ft-lbs of torque from a standstill. It’s rated to provide a 160 km (100 mile) range and to accelerate from zero to 100 kph (62 mph) in 8 seconds. Top speed of the roughly 1,000-pound Solo is limited to 130 kph (80 mph). The Solo can be fully charged in 3 hours with 220V and 6 hours with an 110V connection.
In addition to 15-inch aluminum alloy wheels and all-wheel disc brakes, the Solo has an LCD digital instrument cluster; heater and defogger; remote keyless entry; power windows; AM/FM stereo with Bluetooth, CD, a USB connection, and a rearview backup camera.
There’s a 285-liter trunk storage compartment, which translates to about 10 cubic feet. For comparison, that’s more than twice as large as a Miata’s trunk (4.6 cubic feet) but a little smaller than a Mustang convertible’s (11.4 cubic feet).
With list prices set at $19,888 Canadian and $15,150 U.S., the single-seater Solo is an inexpensive all-electric car — or a fairly costly enclosed 3-wheel motorcycle with no accommodation for a passenger.
Whether the Solo is classified as a car, a motorcycle, or something in between will vary from state to state in the U.S. In North Carolina, for example, the Solo would be considered an “autocycle.”
Vehicle classification raises several issues. Will the 3-wheeler be OK to drive with a regular driver’s license or will a motorcycle endorsement be necessary, and if so, will a helmet be mandatory if required in the state for motorcycle riders? How will the vehicle be insured? Also, as an electric vehicle, will it qualify for federal tax credits as a car or as a motorcycle?
The U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has had a classification rule change for certain three-wheeled vehicles in the proposal stage since 2013, but no action has been taken and it is not in the NHTSA’s Regulatory Plan. The NHTSA’s concern is that drivers in an enclosed vehicle that hasn’t passed crash tests and has no airbags will assume the Solo has the same safety features and crash protection as passenger cars certified to federal safety standards.
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