What is WiSA? The wireless home theater technology fully explained

What is WiSA, and why should you become familiar with it? It’s certainly not a household name like Wi-Fi or Bluetooth, but WiSA — which is short for wireless speaker and audio — is on the verge of changing the way we buy, install, and use our home theater gear. It’s intended to massively simplify home theater sound by doing away with speaker wires, and even the one device that has long sat at the center of any home theater setup: The A/V receiver. It has support from more than 60 manufacturers including LG, TCL, Toshiba, Klipsch, and Bang & Olufsen.

Still, as much as WiSA will simplify things, there’s not a lot of information about what it is, how it works, and what you need to know in order to make an informed choice about whether it’s right for you. We’re going to fix that with this in-depth, no-stone-unturned explainer. Here’s everything you need to know about WiSA.

What is WiSA?

Klipsch WiSA audio system

WiSA is both a hardware and software specification for delivering high-resolution digital audio wirelessly from a source device to a maximum of eight powered speakers within the same room. It does this with a high degree of reliability, using 24-bit 48kHz or 96kHz signals, and can support up to eight channels. In theory, this will let WiSA systems offer 3D audio formats like Dolby Atmos, and DTS:X, however, at the moment it is limited to 5.1 or 7.1 Dolby Digital.

A WiSA-enabled home theater lets you place your speakers anywhere you like as long as they have access to a wall outlet. This eliminates the need for running speaker wires, and in some cases, the need for an A/V receiver altogether (more on this later).

What WiSA is not

Sonos Beam Speaker
Simon Cohen/Digital Trends

Though it shares many attributes with wireless multiroom speakers like those made by Sonos, Denon, Yamaha, and others, WiSA is not a multiroom, whole-home music system. As a stand-alone wireless audio technology, it is not intended to join any of these other wireless audio ecosystems. It’s strictly for passing audio wirelessly within a single home theater setup and it is not compatible with non-WiSA Wi-Fi or Bluetooth speakers. That said, some speakers that are WiSA Certified, such as Harman Kardon’s new Citation series, possess separate Wi-Fi or Bluetooth connections, which means you could also use them for other wireless audio applications.

Why would I want WiSA?

Klipsch Reference Wireless WiSA Home Theater System

WiSA’s biggest advantage is that it frees consumers from having to install or even think about speaker cables in a single room. It’s the same convenience offered by home theater soundbars, but with the separate speakers of an authentic surround-sound system. If you’ve ever wanted a true 5.1 or 7.1 surround system, but have hesitated because of the wiring requirements, WiSA is for you.

In addition, WiSA speakers may offer sound performance benefits in that the speakers’ built-in amplifiers can be tailor-made for their specific components. This should, in theory, allow WiSA speakers to outperform all but the most perfectly matched amplifier/speaker configurations in their class.

What do I need to get going with WiSA?

Beolab 50 painting
Bang Olufsen’s WISA-certified Beolab 50

The minimum requirement for a WiSA setup is a WiSA Ready source device with a WiSA transmitter or a WiSA Certified source device, and at least one WiSA Certified powered speaker.

WiSA Ready devices, like 2019 and 2020 LG TVs, have the required software to let you control a WiSA set of speakers, but they do not have a WiSA transmitter built-in. WiSA Ready products require the purchase of an external USB WiSA transmitter, like this Axiim Link HD transmitter.

WiSA Certified devices, like Axiim’s Q UHD Wireless Media Center, have both the WiSA software and the transmitter built-in. No other hardware is needed to control WiSA Certified powered speakers.

WiSA Certified powered speakers, like Bang & Olufsen’s BeoLab 18 and Klipsch’s Reference WiSA speakers, are fully compatible with any WiSA source device, and with other WiSA Certified powered speakers, regardless of brand. They require wired power from a standard wall plug.

As of June 2019, six TV manufacturers have joined WiSA including Toshiba, Fengmi, LG Electronics, Foxconn, TCL, and Bang & Olufsen, which means we’ll likely see an increasing number of WiSA Ready and WiSA Certified TVs in the coming months.

Some companies are starting to ship all-in-one WiSA home theater systems that include everything you need to get going with WiSA. For those with a WiSA Ready TV, the Platin Audio Monaco 5.1 is a good choice. For those who are perfectly happy with their non-WiSA Ready TV, the Enclave Cinehome II and Cinehome Pro offer the option of WiSA Certified hub device that lets you connect any TV via HDMI ARC.

No A/V receiver? Really?

That’s right. If you have a WiSA Ready source device with a WiSA transmitter or a WiSA Certified source device, you don’t need an A/V receiver at all. These two types of WiSA sources can handle every aspect of getting wireless audio to your WiSA Certified powered speakers.

That said, you can absolutely use an A/V receiver in a WiSA home theater setup if you want. The receiver needs to be either WiSA Ready (with an additional transmitter) or WiSA Certified. At the moment, only two such devices are on the market, both from the Scandinavian company, Primare.

There are several benefits to using a WiSA A/V receiver over WiSA’s current generation of transmission devices like LG TVs, Windows 10 computers, and Xbox consoles:

  • As with a traditional A/V receiver, you get lots of inputs, letting you plug-in any source device (Blu-ray player, cable or satellite box, gaming console etc.)
  • You can mix and match WiSA and wired speakers. For instance, WiSA is limited to eight wireless channels, but some surround setups, like Dolby Atmos 7.1.4, require more than that. A WiSA A/V receiver lets you create wired connections to your front speakers (e.g. front left, front right, and center channel) while simultaneously supporting wireless connections to the rear, height, and subwoofer speakers.
  • You get all of the fine-grain control over your system a receiver offers, like adjustable crossover frequencies, scenes, effects, etc.

Are all WiSA setups the same?

Klipsch WiSA audio system

No. Even though the WiSA ecosystem guarantees the compatibility and wireless performance of WiSA products, there can be differences from one WiSA setup to another.

“The baseline WiSA Ready Certification Specification is focused on interoperability, reliability and signal integrity,” WiSA President Tony Ostrom told Digital Trends, but “additional features can easily be added at the discretion of the brands developing products.”

An example of these additional features is the Axiim Link HD, a WiSA USB transmitter that works with the new WiSA Ready LG TVs and other WiSA Ready devices. It incorporates multiple advanced features including bass management, channel level control, and channel equalization, controlled via Axiim’s mobile app.

Not every WiSA USB transmitter will necessarily offer similar controls, although Ostrom tells us that future iterations of the WiSA spec will “mandate the incorporation of some advanced features that we believe to be very useful in setting up a typical multi-channel audio system.”

Another important difference is support for specific audio codecs. Although WiSA will eventually make it possible to experience a variety of codecs and formats, like Dolby Digital Plus, Dolby TrueHD, Dolby Atmos, DTS:X, and others, your specific gear needs to support them too. Just because a product is WiSA Certified doesn’t mean it’s Dolby TrueHD compatible, for instance.

Another important caveat is that there isn’t always a one-to-one relationship between the kind of audio that a source device can handle, and what it can support via a WiSA setup. For instance, 2019 and 2020 LG OLED TVs are Dolby Atmos-capable, which means they can pass through Dolby Atmos soundtracks over HDMI ARC back to an Atmos-capable receiver. That receiver can then use as many channels as it supports to re-create the full Atmos effect. But when that same LG TV is connected to a WiSA set of speakers via a WiSA transmitter, it will only support 2.0 or 5.1 configurations, and at the moment, the Dolby Atmos information gets discarded.

When it comes down to it, WiSA really is like wireless speaker cable — it creates the connection between WiSA components, but it’s the components themselves that dictate which features you’ll get, as well as the overall quality, so researching the specs carefully before you make a buying decision is a must.

Can older gear be used to transmit WiSA signals?

Axiim Link WiSA USB Transmitter

Yes! Well, theoretically, anyway.

Any existing device that supports the output of audio via a USB port, and can receive firmware or driver updates — like a laptop, game console, or newer TV — can theoretically be made to work with a WiSA transmitter. “With the proper user interface elements, retrofitting existing products is a pretty simple a straightforward process,” Ostrom said.

Normally, this would mean that a device like Microsoft’s Xbox One — which offers no built-in support for audio over USB — wouldn’t work with a WiSA transmitter. Yet, Ostrom tells us that the Axiim Link WiSA USB Transmitter is Xbox certified, and will deliver the console’s audio feed wirelessly to WiSA Certified speakers.

In theory, this could mean there will be future WiSA support for consoles like Sony’s PlayStation 4 and PS4 Pro even though they don’t officially support USB audio either. For now, however, you’ll have to connect them through a WiSA Ready or Certified source device, like a TV or A/V receiver.

How is WiSA different from other wireless speaker technologies?

Samsung-JS95000

The two biggest problems with traditional wireless surround speakers are latency and sync. If you’re just listening to music, and it takes 100 milliseconds for the signal to go from your audio source — like a computer or Hi-Fi amp — it’s no big deal. In fact, once the music starts, as long as it doesn’t encounter hiccups along the way, that delay is irrelevant. But when your audio is part of a video soundtrack, every millisecond counts.

The longer it takes for the audio signal to get to your speakers (and thus your ears) the more likely you are to see someone’s lips moving on screen ahead of being able to hear their words. WiSA’s wireless signal path reduces this latency to just five milliseconds, an imperceptible delay.

Synchronization between speakers can cause similar problems. If your left and right channels are out of sync, you’ll definitely notice distortion in the form of an echo-like effect.

WiSA uses a specific portion of the 5GHz Wi-Fi spectrum that has far less traffic, and therefore less interference, than standard 2.4, or 5GHz Wi-Fi channels. The transmitter constantly scans these 24 frequencies for interference and can automatically switch to a different one if interference appears on the channel it’s using. The other benefit to using 5GHz frequencies is bandwidth. These channels let WiSA transmit uncompressed, 24-bit audio at very high sample rates — something that would be difficult or impossible to do over lower portions of the radio spectrum.

The one drawback to using 5Ghz frequencies is that they don’t stretch very far before they start to lose strength. In order to preserve the full quality of the audio signal, WiSA transmitters and speakers can’t be located in different rooms. The largest room size WiSA supports is 30’ x 30’.

What about soundbars?

JBL Bar 9.1 soundbar demo on the show floor
One of the JBL Bar 9.1’s detachable wireless surround speakers Ryan Waniata/Digital Trends

Home theater soundbars have become a very popular choice thanks to their incredible simplicity and good sound quality. Many now support wireless subwoofers and Dolby Atmos via up-firing height channel drivers, increasing their ability to offer immersive sound.

JBL’s $1,000 9.1 Dolby Atmos soundbar, introduced at CES 2020, takes a page out of the WiSA playbook by including detachable, true wireless surround speakers that overcome the one-box limitations of conventional soundbars. If this format succeeds, it could prove to be a more cost-effective alternative to WiSA-based systems.

Choose wisely

In a traditional, wired home theater sound quality is determined by a mix of the source media and playback device (e.g. a Blu-ray player), the amplification and EQ device (e.g. an A/V receiver), and the speakers. As mentioned above, in a WiSA home theater system amplification is done exclusively at the speaker level because every WiSA Certified speaker is self-powered.

This means you could theoretically get higher performance, but it also means that your choice of speaker is even more important: It determines both sound quality and overall loudness. You won’t be able to replace your receiver or standalone amp if you want bigger, bolder sound from your WiSA system — you’ll need to replace the speakers — so if you’re getting in, make sure you buy WiSA speakers that are powerful enough to fill your particular room.

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