Security cameras offer homeowners peace of mind while they’re away, which is why they’ve proven so popular. Yet there’s also a dark side. You’ve likely read the horror stories about hackers terrorizing people through their security cameras, and these hacks reveal that there’s very little to protect security cam owners in the first place.
According to security expert Gregory Hanis, hacks of home security cameras are only going to get worse. Home security cams are vulnerable, popular, and offer direct access to the lives of victims. Security cam makers need to take more proactive measures, which is why we’re pitting some of the most popular cams against one another in a security scorecard.
What we’re looking for?
Today’s indoor security cameras come with a variety of prices, offerings, and features. With hacking being a major topic, we thought we’d put some of the most popular models to the test to uncover which of them take security and privacy more seriously. These are the categories we’ll be checking to see how they stack up.
Passwords are great, but as we’ve seen, there are ways a camera can be compromised. That’s why two-factor authentication has gained traction. It offers an additional layer of protection besides just putting in a password to access your camera.
Are you afraid someone’s watching you? Privacy shutters will disable your camera to prevent video from being streamed or recorded. Typically, it’s achieved by electronically disabling power to the camera. That can be done in a number of ways, including with an app, by pressing a switch on the camera itself, or with a physical cover that goes over the camera.
Many people worry that video footage captured by security cameras, and then subsequently uploaded to the cloud, can be intercepted by a hacker, or potentially be watched by an unauthorized person. With local storage, your camera’s videos are stored within the device onto a memory card. Privacy-minded cameras should offer this option, ideally as an alternative to the cloud.
Smart security cameras can automatically capture video when motion is detected. The most effective ones can even use facial recognition to separate strangers from known family and friends. Models with detection zones, however, eliminate the need for cameras to constantly record footage because of redundant movement. With detection zones, you can select what areas in a frame to monitor.
Reducing false alerts can also be achieved with the help of facial recognition. Cameras with this ability can be programmed to record only when unknown faces are recorded. When you’re home, facial recognition won’t actively record when it detects a familiar face. This can also provide a better sense of privacy if a camera is shared among family members, as it can be used to stop alerts being sent whenever a person is visible, and instead only send alerts when an unknown person appears.
The bare minimum
If there’s one category that takes precedence over the rest, it has to be two-factor authentication. It’s the bare minimum expectation that every security camera should offer, just because it’s a surefire way to safeguard you. As you can tell from our scorecard, this continues to be an area of opportunity — more so with some of the off-brand names. That’s scary, and unfortunate, given the scrutiny Ring has faced in the past.
Ring has dealt with several matters that didn’t help its reputation. But to its credit, the company made swift changes by not only offering two-factor authentication during the setup process, but by also making it mandatory — a feature that’s not offered by the other cameras. This cautionary approach may seem like overkill, but it’s the absolute best way to nix the potential for hackers to compromise your camera (and account).
Protecting your privacy in the home
Security cameras are invited inside of the home to give homeowners a view of what’s going on when they’re away. While some people are more conscious about where they place cameras, others are not — so they may be in prime places with a lot of foot traffic. The solution to protecting your privacy inside of the home is a privacy shutter, a mechanism that can disable a camera electronically, so that it’s no longer on, detecting motion or recording footage.
Most cameras employ some sort of privacy shutter mechanism, but with very different implementations. For example, there are electronic shutters that can disable cameras remotely using an app. Sure, unplugging a camera physically guarantees zero access (hackers included), but it’s inconvenient having to constantly plug it back in when you want to use it. Plus, you have to actually remember to do it. The vast majority of the cameras we checked out can be disabled remotely through an app.
However, we still want to point out a model not in the chart, SimpliSafe’s SimpliCam, which features a mechanical shutter that physically covers the camera’s view when it’s initiated. Plus, you can set up a routine where the SimpliCam will enable the mechanical shutter whenever you’re home — and automatically disable it when you’re away to detect motion and record footage.
Still, there are other implementations that get the job done, like the Logitech Circle View and Eufy Security Indoor Cam 2K Pan and Tilt. With the former, Logitech designed the camera to allow people to face it downward manually — plus, there’s a button on it as well that turns off the camera and mic. Meanwhile, Eufy’s new security camera articulates for 360-degree coverage, but there’s an option through the app to tuck away the camera’s view.
Few local storage options among brand names
It’s worth pointing out that all of these cameras offer cloud storage to save video footage of captured events. Advantages to this include being able to instantly get access to those clips, while also doubling as a depository to store them for later viewing. But there’s also that fear of unauthorized viewing, whether it’s from an internal source from that camera’s company, or worse, a hacker. Also, some cameras require you to subscribe to a paid structure in order to save footage to the cloud — like the Google Nest Cam IQ Indoor.
That’s partly the reason why local storage is an appealing alternative. As you can tell from the chart, most of the established brands don’t offer local storage options. Instead, it’s the lesser-known brands that embrace it. Cameras like the Wyze Cam V2 and Eufy’s new 2K security cameras offer this solution. Not only can you choose to have triggered events stored onto a microSD card, but they can also be configured to act as a continuously recording camera in most cases.
While local storage may seem like a more secure route than cloud storage, there’s more management required in organizing and archiving clips. Despite that, it’s an option for anyone who doesn’t want an outside entity sniffing out content that’s deemed private.
Which one should you buy?
That’s a tough one, mainly because there are so many factors that come into play. Consumers want to feel safe, but they also crave features that make the cameras more useful. Pricing can influence a buying decision, but when it comes to your privacy and security, it shouldn’t take precedence above other things.
More on camera security
- Why hackers snoop on smart home security cameras?
- Every smart home security camera should have a shutter
- Proper security camera placements in the home
- How to prevent your Ring cameras from being hacked
Again, I can’t stress the importance of two-factor authentication enough — it’ll protect you in the long run. But there are other areas to consider to protect you even more. The Wyze Cam V2 continues to be one of the more attractive, well-rounded cameras on our scorecard. In addition to two-factor authentication, if features custom detection zones, local storage, and the ability to disable the camera completely through an app. All of that in a $20 package!
Another equally compelling camera is Eufy’s Security Indoor Cam 2K Pan and Tilt. If has the same features as Wyze’s camera, but at a slightly higher cost of $50. It’s a good option because of its privacy features, excellent video quality, and 360-degree coverage with its articulating camera. Then again, the 2-factor authentication omission is glaring.
The established brands are also in contention, which is why you also should consider Google’s Nest Cam IQ Indoor. We really like how it will automatically arm itself based on your phone’s GPS location — so it’ll turn off once you’re at home by itself. Ring’s Indoor Cam is the only camera that requires mandatory two-factor authentication. Some folks may worry about choosing Ring, but as long as more effort is invested to address vulnerabilities, especially in future models, it’s worth a shot.
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