Skip to main content

Volkswagen enlists Nvidia’s powerful Xavier chip for autonomous cars

Image used with permission by copyright holder
Nvidia kicked off CES 2018 on a high note by introducing an autonomous machine processor named Xavier. Designed to help self-driving cars merge into the mainstream, Xavier is billed as the world’s most complex and advanced system on a chip (SoC).

“In the future, every car will be self-driving. There will be 100 million cars built each year, millions of robotaxies, and several hundred thousand trucks. All of it will be autonomous. On top of this, what will define the driving experience is the artificial intelligence (AI),” Nvidia CEO Jensen Huang promised during a press conference in Las Vegas.

He pointed out Xavier is, by far, the most complex project Nvidia has ever embarked on. Without getting too technical, the processor relies on nine billion transistors to monitor information sent by the numerous sensors required to make a car drive itself safely and smoothly. “It can never fail because lives are at stake. And it has to make the right decision, running software the world has never known how to write,” Huang explained.

Nvidia will place Xavier at the center of Pegasus, an AI computing platform built to power level five (fully autonomous) vehicles. It’s built on two Xavier processors and a pair of next-generation GPUs. It handles 320 trillion operations per second; in simpler terms, it delivers the performance of a trunk full of PCs in an apparatus no bigger than a license plate.

Xavier will reach the market this quarter, a little over a year after it was announced, and Nvidia has already received numerous orders. Aurora, the start-up company founded by former Google engineer Chris Urmson, will leverage Xavier’s capacities to develop the level four and five self-driving platforms it will supply to car companies. Volkswagen and Hyundai are currently working with Aurora, and we expect more companies will announce a partnership in the coming months.

“Nvidia Xavier is a key element of Aurora’s computer, delivering the performance needed to power self-driving system,” Urmson said in a statement.

Xavier will help Volkswagen bring the production version of the I.D. Buzz concept to the market. Expected to arrive in 2022, the retro-inspired electric van will offer a high level of autonomy. It’s safe to assume the technology will trickle down to other upcoming members of the German company’s lineup, including more electric cars. AI tech from Nvidia will also continue to power Uber’s ever-growing fleet of self-driving cars and trucks in the coming years.

“We’ve been integrating and running our self-driving cars and trucks on Nvidia’s GPU technology, and will explore other Nvidia platforms as they become available,” an Uber spokesperson told Digital Trends. The tech firm isn’t planning on using Xavier chips, however.

Nvidia’s venture into the automotive industry doesn’t end there. The company also announced it has teamed up with German components manufacturer ZF and Chinese tech giant Baidu to develop a mass production-ready autonomous vehicle platform specifically for the Chinese market. That involves dealing with the chaotic traffic on Chinese roads, a task that’s easier said than done. Designed for mass production, the platform uses Nvidia’s Xavier chip, ZF’s ProAI car computer, and Baidu’s Apollo Pilot.

Updated by Ronan Glon: Added Uber statement.

Editors' Recommendations

Ronan Glon
Ronan Glon is an American automotive and tech journalist based in southern France. As a long-time contributor to Digital…
GTC 2020 roundup: Nvidia’s virtual world for robots, A.I. video calls
Nvidia CEO Jensen Huang with a few Nvidia graphics cards.

"The age of A.I. has begun," Nvidia CEO Jensen Huang declared at this year's GTC. At its GPU Technology Conference this year, Nvidia showcased its innovation to further A.I., noting how the technology could help solve the world's problems 10 times better and faster.

While Nvidia is most well-known for its graphics cards -- and more recently associated with real-time ray tracing -- the company is also driving the behind-the-scenes innovation that brings artificial intelligence into our daily lives, from warehouse robots that pack our shipping orders, to self-driving cars and natural language bots that deliver news, search, and information with little latency or delay.

Read more
Nvidia’s DLSS 2.0 to bring boosted frame rates without the blurry textures
Nvidia RTX 2080 Super in a gaming PC.

Just last week, Nvidia and Microsoft announced new ray tracing features with the launch of DirectX 12 Ultimate. Now, Nvidia is following that up with a second iteration of its DLSS (deep learning super sampling) technology. Nvidia claims DLSS 2.0 will greatly improve game visuals and performance using its artificial intelligence-based approach to rendering.

The format was originally introduced with Nvidia's Turing architecture, which debuted on the company's GeForce RTX 2080 graphics. DLSS uses machine learning to analyze tens of thousands of reference images to help increase frame rates.

Read more
Bosch sheds light on its A.I.-powered Virtual Visor tech at CES 2020
Bosch Virtual Visor

Bosch's automotive division created a see-through sun visor called Virtual Visor that automatically darkens to prevent sunlight from hitting the front passengers' eyes, while leaving their line of sight relatively clean. This artificial intelligence-powered technology was named Best of Innovation in the CES 2020 Innovation Awards.

The Virtual Visor is a flat, rectangular LCD screen with hexagon-shaped inserts that looks like a digital beehive. It folds down from the space right above the windshield like a regular sun visor, but, when it's down, you see the outside world instead of looking at your face in a vanity mirror. The Virtual Visor sees you, though. Its cabin-facing camera detects facial features, like the nose and the mouth, and it also knows if the sun is casting a shadow on your face.

Read more