Just a few short years ago, Record Store Day was a holiday celebrated mostly by a slim subset of vinyl-loving geeks (myself included) hell-bent on ensuring a format long forgotten by the MP3 generation never died completely. But today, thanks to a resurgence in vinyl that even the most die-hard wax fiends never saw coming, Record Store Day is more popular than ever, and this year stands to be one of the biggest celebrations yet.
For those unfamiliar, Record Store Day is pretty much what you’d expect: A day when fans of vinyl record albums convene in must and dust-filled shacks filled with wax, and file through row upon row of records to find a hidden gems for their growing collection, and to revel in the tactile treat that comes with being a vinyl junkie. Oh, and there’s plenty of music listening, too … maybe even some hot dogs. Only now, there’s a lot more junkies who want to listen. It’s fantastic.
If you’re new to vinyl, or if you just stepped away for a while and want to get back into it, you should know there’s a right way and a wrong way to get into and maintain this hobby. Don’t worry, it isn’t complicated, and it doesn’t have to be expensive, either. In fact, it can be downright cheap. Here then is our top-to-bottom — er, front-to-back? — guide covering everything from how to buy and hook up a quality turntable, to proper vinyl cleaning and storage, right down a few choice records we think would kickstart your new collection.
Let’s do this.
Go buy some records
Simple enough, right? This can be the best part of building a record collection. Every record store has its own vibe — it’s like stepping into another world. And the folks behind the counter can be treasure troves of valuable information and insight … and sometimes just straight-up entertaining trivia. If they seem to dig your selections, try asking them what else they think you might like. You might just find a new favorite band or record. Music discovery is awesome.
There is an art to selecting good records, though, and we don’t mean by title, but by the quality and condition of the vinyl itself. Don’t take the label up in the corner at face value — you don’t know how good that bearded bohemian’s read on record quality is — look for yourself by taking the record out and visually inspecting it. Look past the dust for deep scratches or particularly long ones. And if you’re just not sure, ask to borrow a turntable and headphones to see if the copy is going to be clean enough for you. If not, try another copy, or look for that title elsewhere.
Oh, and if you need a little help discovering record stores in you area that will be celebrating Record Store Day, visit this helpful interactive website. But before you take off, be sure to check out these 10 awesome albums you should buy on Record Store Day.
Clean those grooves!
So you’ve just gotten your vinyl haul home, and you’re ready to light up your speakers with the sweet analog sounds of that Van Morrison LP you’ve been seeking out for months? We’re excited too, but don’t just slip that slick disc out of its cover and drop the needle right away. Before you play them, you should always clean your records.
You have no idea how well any used record was kept over its lifetime, and even brand new records have a residue left over from the pressing factory. You want none of this stuff touching your turntable’s stylus (needle). There are a number of ways to clean a record, some of them totally automated, others very hands on. To help you out, we put together this excellent guide on how to clean your records.
All the ways to play
Now that your collection is clean, you’re ready to play. And if you already have a record-playing rig you love, then congratulations! But if you’re starting from scratch or looking to upgrade, you have some decisions to make.
There are several different types of turntables out there, and many of them are now conveniently available in what used to be very unlikely places. The resurgence of vinyl is seeing turntables being sold at mega-stores like Target and Walmart, and those will do if you aren’t too serious about sound quality, but if you want to experience all the warmth and detail vinyl has to offer, you’ll want to make a small investment into something better.
What you’re most likely to find at the “everything” store is an all-in-one style turntable with built-in amplification and speakers. These will get you playing immediately with minimal effort. However, you’re limited by what the weak amp and small speakers in these products can provide, and none of the parts are upgradeable — good in a pinch, or maybe a beach or mountain vacation cabin.
For just a little bit more cash, you can get yourself a significantly superior turntable. In fact, we’ve assembled a list of our favorite turntables right here, many of them in the $200 – $300 range, and outfitted with excellent cartridges right out of the box.
Keep in mind that if you do purchase a stand-alone turntable, you’ll need some amplification and speakers. If you already have an integrated amp or A/V receiver, make sure it has a phono input, or that the record player you choose has a phono pre-amp built in. You can also buy excellent phono pre-amps as a stand-alone purchase, though these are usually the desire of enthusiasts. Some turntables, like the excellent Audio-Technica AT-LP120, even have USB outputs for archiving vinyl into digital audio files.
If you don’t have an amp already, two options we’re particularly fond of are the PS Audio Sprout and the NAD D 3020. Not only are both of these amps compact and handsome, they also sound spectacular and have Bluetooth built in, bridging the gap between the digital and analog music ages. Both also have excellent headphone amplifiers built in. With either one of these compact amplifiers, you could build a decor-friendly system that looks as good as it sounds. Note: While the PS Audio Sprout has a dedicated phono input with phone pre-amp stage for use with any turntable, the NAD D 3020 will require the use of a turntable with a built-in phono pre, or the addition of the fine NAD PP 2e.
How you store your records isn’t just important for preservation, it’s an opportunity to build something that looks really, really cool.
First, we have to address what has somehow become the most popular vinyl storage method in the United States: milk crates. Look, milk crates come cheap (free, even!) and they happen to be the right size. But milk crates are a sub-par record storage method for a number of reasons, including sharp edges that like to tear up sleeves, and the tendency to flex under a heavy load, potentially warping records.
For home storage, any number of shelving options will work, but one of the most popular options come from our Swedish friends at Ikea: The Kallax Shelving Unit. While the Kallax isn’t as robustly built as its Expedit ancestor (no longer available), with care they should last for many years, plus they’re the perfect size and modular, so you can put one in a little nook, or build an entire wall full of wax. For something fancier, check out these stylish vinyl storage solutions assembled by Vinyl Me, Please.
For portable vinyl storage, we like what’s coming from the folks behind Wax Stacks. Unfortunately, they are only taking pre-orders at this time, so if you need something now, this decidedly less upscale case from Crosley will get you by.
Also, don’t forget that anti-static sleeves are imperative for keeping your records from building up damaging static electricity. These sleeves from Mobile Fidelity are outstanding. And, finally, always store your vinyl in a climate controlled environment, well away from any heat sources. Definitely don’t leave your vinyl in a car … like, ever.
In case you weren’t aware, headphones are an awesome way to experience vinyl. The intimate listening set-up brings you closer to the details and dynamics records have to offer (and, yes, to potential pops and clicks, but that’s ok). Next time you want to really check out a record, bust out a killer pair of headphones and really dig in.
If you’re itching for an upgrade, replace the cartridge on your turntable with something a little more advanced. Many of the cartridges on our recommended list are a great place to start, but a premium cartridge from Grado, Audio-Technica, Ortofon, or Shure, just to name a few, will make a significant difference in the sound quality you get.
Finally, if you want to get really serious, considering having a professional set up your turntable for you. A turntable set-up involves setting the tracking force exactly, calibrating the tonearm’s position and counterbalance, and adjusting the turntable’s speed. Of course, if you’re up for it, you can get your own tools and do it yourself!
Now get out there, get some records, and get listening! Happy Record Store Day.