Powerful earthquakes in urban areas can cause a shocking amount of devastation, with lives lost and buildings destroyed. Indeed, more than 60,000 people have already died in such events this year alone.
Ever since scientists discovered what causes these awful catastrophes, they’ve also been trying to predict them in a bid to save lives and reduce damage. But the way in which tectonic plates behave as pressure builds up between them makes the task of forecasting earthquakes incredibly difficult.
However, researchers at the University of Texas (UT) recently reported an exciting breakthrough that utilizes an AI-generated algorithm to predict the timing, location, and intensity of an earthquake.
In trials that took place in China over a period of seven months, the algorithm accurately predicted 70% of earthquakes a whole week before they occurred.
It forecast 14 earthquakes within a 200-mile area of the estimated epicenter and also made a very accurate forecast regarding their intensity, a report on the university’s website said. It failed to warn of just one earthquake and gave eight false predictions.
The research team trained the AI to detect statistical bumps in real-time seismic data that the research team had paired with previous earthquakes, the report explained. Once trained, the AI monitored for signs of approaching earthquakes.
“Predicting earthquakes is the holy grail,” said Sergey Fomel, a professor at UT’s Bureau of Economic Geology and a member of the research team, adding: “What we achieved tells us that what we thought was an impossible problem is solvable in principle.”
The researchers said that by deploying the AI system in locations with effective seismic tracking networks such as California, Italy, Japan, Greece, Turkey, and Texas, it can be trained to increase its success rate and potentially improve its accuracy to within just tens of miles.
Alexandros Savvaidis, a senior research scientist who leads the bureau’s Texas Seismological Network Program, the state’s seismic network, said: “You don’t see earthquakes coming. It’s a matter of milliseconds, and the only thing you can control is how prepared you are. Even with 70%, that’s a huge result and could help minimize economic and human losses and has the potential to dramatically improve earthquake preparedness worldwide.”
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