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How to make a portal in Minecraft (Nether or End Portal)

Minecraft has been around for ages, and it's seen countless updates and expansions over the years. The most entertaining updates have given players new locations to explore and enemies to do battle with – and no where is that more evident than with the updates that brought us the Nether and the End. These biomes are filled with deadly creatures and exciting loot, but they're not exactly easy to reach.

Difficulty

Hard

Duration

1 hour

What You Need

  • Minecraft

  • Minecraft-friendly console

  • Water bucket (in-game)

  • Diamond pickaxe (in-game)

  • Lava (in-game)

  • Iron ore (in-game)

  • Gravel (in-game)

  • Furnace (in-game)

  • Crafting table (in-game)

If you want to quickly get to the Nether or the End, you'll need to craft a portal in Minecraft. Unfortunately, these are a bit tricky to build and require heaps of resources. And before you can build an End Portal, you'll need to build a Nether Portal and track down elusive items from a Nether Fortress.

Interested in checking out these high-level biomes? Here's how to make a portal in Minecraft, including instructions for a Nether Portal and End Portal.

Build a Nether Portal: Mine obsidian blocks

This is an involved process, so we grouped the instructions into four parts.

Obsidian blocks create the frame for your Nether Portal. To obtain obsidian, you need a water bucket, a diamond pickaxe, and a pool of red-hot lava!

Step 1: Equip your water bucket and gather water.

Step 2: Find a pool of lava and shower it with the water.

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Step 3: Once the lavas cools, retrieve the water using the empty bucket.

Step 4: Mine the resulting obsidian using a diamond pickaxe.

how to make a portal in minecraft mine obsidian
Image used with permission by copyright holder

Build a Nether Portal: Create flint and steel

This is what you need to light the obsidian frame and create the Nether Portal. Here you need two types of ore: Iron and gravel. With gravel, just mine it with anything — including your hand — until flint appears. Iron ore must be smelted in the Furnace to create iron ingots.

Step 1: Open your Furnace.

Step 2: Place iron ore into the top square.

Step 3: Place fuel into the bottom square, including wood, charcoal, and coal — basically, anything that burns.

Step 4: Drag the resulting iron ingot down into your inventory.

Note: As shown above, you can place more than one iron ore and one fuel into the Furnace at once to create multiple iron ingots in a single sitting. The Furnace will continue smelting until one or all resources are depleted or you close the Furnace.

Next, with flint and iron ingots now in your inventory, you can make the flint and steel tool.

how to make a portal in minecraft iron ingot
Image used with permission by copyright holder

Step 5: Open your Crafting Table.

Step 6: Place one iron ingot into the top square in the left column.

Step 7: Place one flint into the center square in the middle column.

Step 8: Drag the flint and steel tool down into your inventory.

how to make a portal in minecraft flint and steel
Image used with permission by copyright holder

Build a Nether Portal: Create a fire charge (optional)

This is an optional method of igniting the obsidian frame but requires an ingredient dropped in the Nether. Here’s what you need, and here are the steps:

  • Blaze powder — Created by placing one blaze rod into the Crafting Table’s center square. A blaze rod is dropped by a Blaze, which guards a Nether Fortress.
  • Gunpowder — Obtained by killing a Creeper or opening chests.
  • Coal — Mined from coal ore, which you can find from 4 to 15 blocks under the surface.

Step 1: Open your Crafting Table.

Step 2: Place one gunpowder in the left square in the top row.

Step 3: Place one blaze powder in the center square in the top row.

Step 4: Place one coal into the right square in the top row.

Step 5: Drag the resulting three fire charges down into your inventory.

how to make a portal in minecraft fire charge
Image used with permission by copyright holder

Step 6: Repeat these steps as necessary.

Build your Nether Portal

The frame requires a total of 14 obsidian blocks. Once it’s built, ignite any obsidian block side facing inward.

Step 1: Place four obsidian blocks on the ground.

how to make a portal in minecraft build nether frame bottom
Image used with permission by copyright holder

Step 2: Stack four obsidian blocks on the left block currently on the ground. This creates a column of five blocks.

how to make a portal in minecraft build nether frame sides
Image used with permission by copyright holder

Step 3: Stack four obsidian blocks on the right block currently on the ground. This creates a column of five blocks.

Step 4: Connect the two columns using two obsidian blocks.

how to make a portal in minecraft build nether frame top
Image used with permission by copyright holder

Step 5: Move your flint and steel or fire charge from your inventory down to the Hotbar and select it.

Step 6: Perform the following to ignite the portal:

  • PC — Right-click on the inner side of any obsidian block.
  • Console — Select the inner side of any obsidian block and press the left trigger button.
  • Mobile — Tap on the inner side of any obsidian block.
how to make a portal in minecraft nether pose
Image used with permission by copyright holder

Step 7: Step on through to the dark side of Minecraft.

Note: One block in the Nether equals eight blocks in the Overworld, so be wary about how far you stray from the Nether Portal.

how to make a portal in minecraft end
Image used with permission by copyright holder

Build an End Portal

Here’s the problem: If you’re playing in Survival Mode, you can’t create an End Portal. You can craft the Eye of Ender portion required to build the portal, but there’s no way to obtain the necessary End Portal Frame blocks without switching over to Creative Mode.

The only way to access an End Portal in Survival Mode is to invade an underground Stronghold. You can locate a Stronghold by loading Chunkbase in your web browser and entering your world seed number. This online app gives you the coordinates of each Stronghold.

Otherwise, there’s no method of crafting an End Portal Frame block. They’re only available in the Creative Mode inventory. Technically, you could temporarily switch to Creative Mode and build the portal and then switch back to Survival Mode.

Here are the two ingredients you need to build this portal:

  • 12 Eye of Ender
  • 12 End Portal Frame blocks

Build an End Portal: Create an Eye of Ender

If you don’t want Creative Mode to completely hold your hand, you can craft this portion of the End Portal requirement. Here’s what you need, and here are the steps:

  • One Ender Pearl — This is dropped by a fallen Enderman.
  • One blaze powder — To create this ingredient, you need to place one blaze rod into the Crafting Table’s center square. This item is dropped by a fallen Blaze, which typically guards a Nether Fortress.

Step 1: Open your Crafting Menu.

Step 2: Place one Ender Pearl into the center square in the middle row.

Step 3: Place one blaze powder into the right square in the middle row.

Step 4: Drag the resulting Eye of Ender down into your inventory.

how to make a portal in minecraft create eye of ender
Image used with permission by copyright holder

Step 5: Repeat these steps until you craft 12 Eyes of Ender.

Build an End Portal: Build the Frame

Standing or hovering in place, set 12 End Portal Frame blocks on the ground in a 25 x 25 square grid — three on each side. You must place these blocks in a specific direction or the End Portal will not ignite.

Step 1: Consider yourself standing on block zero. Without moving, count two block spaces forward — as shown above — and place your first End Portal Frame block in the “two” spot. Place the second and third blocks on each side of the first block.

At this point, there should be an empty block space — the number 1 shown above — between you and the End Portal Frame blocks.

how to make a portal in minecraft end frame block spacing
Image used with permission by copyright holder

Step 2: Without moving, turn 90 degrees in place and repeat Step 1.

Step 3: Without moving again, turn 90 degrees in place and repeat Step 1.

Step 4: Finally, without moving again, turn 90 degrees in place and repeat Step 1 to place the final three blocks.

how to make a portal in minecraft correct end frame block placement
Image used with permission by copyright holder
how to make a portal in minecraft incorrect end frame block placement
Image used with permission by copyright holder

As shown above, we placed a grass path block in the center to demonstrate where we stood while using red wool blocks to demonstrate the one-block space between the player and the End Portal Frame blocks.

Note the arrows. The End Portal Frame block engravings absolutely must point inward toward the player for the portal to open. If not, the portal won’t activate.

The layout shown above is incorrect. Notice how the engravings don’t point inward but instead point away from the frame. These engravings absolutely must point inward, which is why placement is extremely important.

how to make a portal in minecraft working end
Image used with permission by copyright holder

Build an End Portal: Place the Eye of Ender

To activate the portal, you need to equip the Eye of Ender. Target the End Portal Frame block and do one of the following (depending on your device):

  • Commands for Gamers playing on PCRight-click on the End Portal Frame block.
  • Commands for Gaming ConsolesTarget the End Portal Frame block and press the left trigger button.
  • Commands for Mobile Device GamersTap on the End Portal Frame block.
how to make a portal in minecraft broken end
Image used with permission by copyright holder

The image below shows a failed attempt, because the End Portal Frame blocks were positioned incorrectly. Unfortunately, the portal will not work if you don’t position the blocks so that the engravings face inward.

how to make a portal in minecraft end city cropped
Image used with permission by copyright holder

Build an End Portal: Make another End Portal

You’ll know you’re able to cross over to the other side if you see a black void. This also lets you know that you built a strong portal — congratulations! After you cross the void, you’ll automatically be moved to the End biome. Depending on your preference, you can either start exploring the space, or if you’re feeling adventurous, fight the Endragon a second time.

Once you’ve experienced all the End biome has to offer, you can easily construct another portal. Since you’ve now figured out how to do this successfully, you’ll be able to make a new one in no time. After you create this new portal, you’ll be transported to your spawn point in the Overworld dimension.

Sadly, you cannot travel to the End city using an End Portal after you’re already inside the Overworld territory. However, it is possible to get into the End City or End Ship by accessing the End Gateway after preparing the Ender Pearls. Once you’ve achieved this, you can create another portal that will transport you out of End City and back to your home.

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