Heating water in your home or apartment is something most of us overlook. But, if you’ve ever dealt with an ice-cold shower, you already know how important a quality water heater is to your comfort at home. With so many choices, it can be challenging to decide which type of heater is best for you.
We’ve taken a closer look at the best tank and tankless heaters so you can narrow your search and find the perfect water heater for your home and lifestyle.
Tank storage water heaters
Price with installation: The cost to install a tank water heater varies widely depending on the type, size, and the specifics of your home.. This price estimate includes the cost of a basic tank water heater, installation, materials, removal of the old unit, and the cost of any permits.
Installation: Tank water heaters are relatively easy to install, and installation typically only takes a few hours. You generally have to install a tank water heater indoors, as they cannot tolerate harsh weather conditions. People often choose inconspicuous locations like closets or garages to install them. However, in older homes especially, you may find a tank water heater in a kitchen. The tanks come in electric, natural gas, and propane models. The gas models will still work during a power outage.
Lifespan: Between 10 and 15 years
How they work: Tank water heaters typically hold between 20 and 80 gallons of hot water (around 120 degrees Fahrenheit) in a storage tank. They are fairly large and require a bit of space within your home. But, if you manage to deplete what is in the tank, you have to wait until your water heater produces more hot water.
According to Home Depot, the chart below can help you determine how big of a tank water heater you need for your household.
|Household size||Tank size|
|5 or more||56 or more gallons|
- More affordable upfront cost
- Easy installation
- Tried and true system
- In an emergency, you have a fresh water supply in the tank
- You can often install an electric tank water heater without making major changes to your home’s electrical system or purchasing expensive additional equipment
- Energy waste from “standby loss.” That is, the energy you waste on keeping a tank full of hot water at all times.
- Shorter lifespan
- If the heater malfunctions, gallons of water could leak or escape from the tank
- If you empty the tank, you have to wait for more hot water
Who should buy a tank water heater: If you have a timeline or budget constraints that prevent you from getting a tankless system, a tank heater may be the way to go. If your home runs strictly on electricity, you have to carefully consider whether going tankless is really worth it. The average household capacity is around 200 amps, which may not be enough to support a tankless electric heater. If you have gas, you have to factor in the costs of venting systems and additional gas lines. According to Energystar.gov, a tankless water heater is probably going to save you (at most) $1,800 over the life of the system. If the extra costs of installing a tankless system are going to outweigh your potential savings, you may want to consider a tank system or a high-efficiency tank system.
The data in the chart below from Energystar.gov compares the energy and cost savings on the various types of water heaters.
|Type of water heater||Energy savings vs. minimum standards||Expected energy savings over equipment lifetime|
|High-efficiency tank systems||10-20%||Up to $500|
|Tankless (gas or electric)||45-60%||Up to $1,800|
|Heat pump||65% (compared to electric resistance)||Up to $900|
|Solar with electric backup||70-90%||Up to $2,200|
Tankless water heaters
Price with installation: Varies dramatically depending on the type, brand, your home, and whether you are installing a new heater or replacing an old one.(accounting for the heater, installation, materials, any permits, and removal of the old heater)
Installation: Tankless water heaters are smaller, so they require less space in your home. You can even install a tankless unit on your outside wall. Installation can be more difficult for a tankless water heater, as you may need to upgrade your home’s electrical system to support an electric tankless unit, or you may need to run a dedicated gas line to your gas-powered unit. Depending on the type of unit, you may also need to install other equipment like new exhaust vents or new pipes.
Lifespan: 20 or more years for most units
How they work: Tankless systems heat your water on demand using gas or electric coils. Although tankless water heaters heat water on demand, they do have output limits on their flow rate. This means, if you’re running the dishwasher, doing the laundry, and taking a shower simultaneously, your heater may not be able to produce hot water fast enough. The flow rate for tankless water heaters is measured in gallons per minute of hot water the machine can produce. Gas units typically heat water faster than electric ones.
- Efficiency (you don’t have to pay to constantly keep a tank full of water hot)
- Longer lifespan
- Space saving
- Tankless heaters typically offer longer warranties
- Expensive upfront equipment and installation costs
- May need to make major changes to your home to accommodate a tankless unit
- In some cases, the increased upfront cost may be larger than your long-term savings
Who should buy a tankless water heater: If you have gas available in your home and you can install an optimal tankless unit without too much additional cost, a tankless unit can be a great money saver. Also, if you live in an area where most of the homes are upgrading to tankless units, it may be a good idea to do the same so your property remains in competitive with the rest of the area homes (from a real estate standpoint).
Point-of-use tankless heaters that go under sinks, near showers, or near washing machines can also be great options for those who live in tiny homes or RVs.
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