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Microsoft Edge vs. Google Chrome: Performance, design, security, and more

Google Chrome remains the king of the web browsers, with around 60% share of the browser market as of December 2021. Microsoft’s Edge browser, which uses the Chromium open-source engine, is in a lower spot around 12%, which is impressive with the browser having only been introduced in the last couple of years. Microsoft pushed the new Edge to all Windows 10 desktops, replacing the old Windows 10 version and giving Edge a built-in — well — edge. Edge is also the default browser for Windows 11.

Which browser should you use? The two share a lot of similarities, but some key differences make one the clear winner.


Microsoft Edge screenshot.
Mark Coppock/Digital Trends

Let’s start with the obvious: How is each for general browsing? Well, in terms of design, both web browsers are almost identical. Many of the old-school design elements of the original Edge browser are gone, replaced with rounder edges and cleaner interfaces.

Sure, the arrow buttons and other icons on Edge and Chrome look slightly different, but the URL/search bar is mostly the same, and the symbols for extensions and add-ons are in the same place. Right-click to the right of the tabs, and you’ll see the same tabs menu. In short, if you switch from Chrome to Edge, you’ll notice very little difference in your everyday browsing. One noticeable difference, though, is in the default search engine and homepage. Edge defaults to Microsoft’s Bing, naturally, while Google defaults to Google’s search engine. Fortunately, either can be switched at will and is only a temporary nuisance.

Edge and Chrome are both built on the Chromium open-source browser using the Blink rendering engine, and as such, they’re more similar than they are different.


The similarities continue in performance. These are both very fast browsers. Granted, Chrome narrowly beats Edge in the Kraken and Jetstream benchmarks, but it’s not enough to recognize in day-to-day use.

Microsoft Edge does have one significant performance advantage over Chrome: Memory usage. In essence, Edge uses fewer resources. Chrome used to be known for how little RAM was used, but these days, it’s become bloated. In one test, Edge used 665MB of RAM with six pages loaded while Chrome used 1.4GB — that’s a meaningful difference, especially on systems with limited memory.

If you’re someone who’s bothered by how much of a memory-hog Google Chrome browser has become, Microsoft Edge is the clear winner in this regard.


Making the switch from the Chrome browser to Edge is simple enough in terms of features. Just install Microsoft’s new browser; accept the offer to sync over your passwords, bookmarks, addresses, and more from Chrome; and you’re off to the races. Although most modern browsers offer the same essential capability, that’s a nice feature in its own right.

Edge also has some features that Chrome doesn’t. For example, there is Edge Collections, which lets you group similar webpages and name them. You can easily access those groups by clicking on a collection, bringing you back to a particular working state quickly and easily. Microsoft also added an Edge Bar that can float or run along the edge of a display and provides a quick look into news and weather and provides access to some Edge features.

A screenshot of the Microsoft Edge Bar.
Mark Coppock/Digital Trends

Then there’s the Editor, Microsoft’s built-in answer to writing assistants like Grammarly. Editor uses artificial intelligence to keep your writing up to snuff and promises to work well for anyone not willing to shell out cash for a different add-on.

Extensions are another feature the Microsoft Edge browser and Chrome both offer, although in different ways. You can add Edge extensions from the Windows Store, which has a more limited selection and extensions from the Chrome Web Store, although it requires manually accessing it. So far, we haven’t run into an extension that won’t install and run on Edge without issue. Theoretically, that means that Edge could gain more browser extensions than Chrome over time, but Chrome’s popularity makes the Chrome Store a common target for developers.

Edge also offers a Read Aloud feature that will read everything on a webpage in a pleasant voice. It’s a great accessibility feature that makes it possible for those with limited vision to access written words.

Both browsers support turning webpages into apps, and while the process is a bit different, the net result is the same. Apps run well on both platforms.

Finally, when you want to cast your content to another device, Edge uses the Miracast and DNLA protocols, while Chrome outputs to Chromecast devices. Which browser is preferable comes down to which devices you want to cast to, although Chromecast is likely the more popular solution.

Chrome also holds an advantage because it hooks into the entire Google ecosystem, such as Gmail, Google Calendar, Google Docs, and Google Maps. If you’re dependent on that ecosystem, then switching to any other browser might be a challenge, although cross-compatibility is improving


Google’s Chrome can sync just about every aspect of the browser across systems. Its list is exhaustive, including everything from passwords to bookmarks to history and a whole bunch more. Just look at the number of things that can be synced:

Chrome Sync Options
Mark Coppock/Digital Trends

Chrome handles syncing flawlessly, allowing for almost seamless functionality between your phone, laptop, iPad, or anything else where Chrome can be installed.

It took a few updates, but Microsoft Edge has largely caught up with Chrome. While Chrome can sync themes and addresses and phone number information and Edge cannot, Microsoft’s browser otherwise matches Google’s syncing capabilities. With both browsers, you can seamlessly carry your web experience from one machine to another.

Updated Microsoft Edge sync options.
Mark Coppock/Digital Trends

Cross-device accessibility

Chrome runs on just about every platform there is, including Chromebooks and Android. It can also be installed on Windows, Linux operating systems, MacOS, iPadOS, and iOS.

Edge also is available on several devices, including Windows by default and MacOS, iOS, iPadOS, Android, and Linux via installation. While you can’t install natively on Chrome OS, you can install the Android version in a pinch.

Security and privacy

Image used with permission by copyright holder

Edge has more privacy settings than Chrome, and it’s much easier to track them down. For example, Edge can block trackers from sites you’ve visited and those you haven’t. It can also reduce the odds of your personalized information being shared across sites. You can choose from one of three tracking prevention levels, making it easy to dial in your comfort level. Edge also uses Microsoft Defender SmartScreen to protect against malicious websites and shady downloads.

Meanwhile, Chrome is limited to blocking third-party cookies. The browser has made definite efforts towards safer browsing, including identifying dangerous extensions, downloads, and websites. However, you’ll have to search around for the exact settings you want to change.

On Chrome and Edge, you can figure out which websites have permissions on your devices and install an ad blocker or other extensions.

Chrome might be everywhere, but Edge has the edge

Shockingly, we view Edge as a more elite browser, especially after its most recent upgrades. The browser offers exceptional, built-in privacy settings and uses fewer resources than Google’s browser. In addition, Edge has employed a variety of useful features, ones that Chrome just can’t contest.

In sum, Microsoft Edge’s serious updates have made it a seemingly better default browser than Chrome. Microsoft has apparently committed itself to significant, continual improvements on the browser, and so a more robust browsing experience may be coming soon. With Microsoft Edge continuing to gain ground on Chrome, the browser wars may be heating up!

If you’re interested in how other browsers stack up, check out our list of best web browsers, where we examine other hot competitors like Firefox, Safari, and more.

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Mark Coppock
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