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AMD Ryzen 7000 vs. Ryzen 5000: specs, performance, and more compared

The AMD Ryzen 7000 processors are here, and AMD believes it can take the crown in the best processor ranking. They are powered by the new Zen 4 core architecture and bring performance and power efficiency together in the world’s first 5nm desktop-class processor. A lot is changing this generation, so we thought it was high time to compare Ryzen 7000 to last gen’s Ryzen 5000 processors.

The Ryzen 7000 processors and AM5 socket will be available on September 27, but our review is live right now.

Pricing

A digital depiction of an AMD Ryzen 5000G chip.
AMD

AMD’s Ryzen 5000 processors launched on November 5, 2020, and Ryzen 7000 CPUs will be available on September 27, 2022. It’s tough to make any predictions about the stock situation when Ryzen 7000 launches, but it’s safe to assume the initial wave of CPUs will be sold out for at least a week or two. We’ll just have to see if that continues into the latter months of the year.

This time around, Ryzen 7000 processors are actually cheaper than Ryzen 5000 CPUs at launch. Here’s what the lineup looks like now:

  • Ryzen 9 7950X: $700
  • Ryzen 9 7900X: $550
  • Ryzen 7 7700X: $400
  • Ryzen 5 7600X: $300

Although Ryzen 7000 is cheaper at launch, Ryzen 5000 CPUs are much cheaper now. They’re seeing steep price discounts now that next-gen CPUs are coming up, meaning you can save big with a last-gen CPU and motherboard if you’re willing to sacrifice a bit of performance. Here’s what current Ryzen 5000 prices look like (along with the original list price in parenthesis):

  • Ryzen 9 5950X: $550 ($800)
  • Ryzen 9 5900X: $390 ($550)
  • Ryzen 7 5800X: $250 ($450)
  • Ryzen 5 5600X: $190 ($300)

Especially between the Ryzen 9 5900X and Ryzen 7 5800X, you’re saving a lot of money compared to Ryzen 7000. These prices may drop even lower as retailers start to fire-sell their stock, as well.

Value and price are different, but from our own testing, Ryzen 7000 looks like a massive upgrade in performance that may well justify the price delta.

Specs

Ryzen 7000 and Ryzen 5000 don’t look too different on paper, offering the same core and thread counts, but it’s the big bump to clock speed and cache that separates them.

Ryzen 9 5950X Ryzen 9 5900X Ryzen 7 5800X Ryzen 5 5600X
Cores/Threads 16/32 12/24 8/16 6/12
Boost clock speed 4.9GHz 4.8GHz 4.7GHz 4.6GHz
Base clock speed 3.4GHz 3.7GHz 3.8GHz 3.7GHz
Cache (L2 + L3) 64MB 64MB 32MB 32MB
TDP 105W 105W 105W 65W

The most interesting note is that Ryzen 5000 processors aren’t able to hit 5GHz out of the box — something Intel has been able to achieve for years with CPUs like the Core i9-12900K. Ryzen 7000 cracks that barrier in fashion, though at the cost of power demands.

Ryzen 9 7950X Ryzen 9 7900X Ryzen 7 7700X Ryzen 5 7600X
Cores/Threads 16/32 12/24 8/16 6/12
Boost clock speed 5.7GHz 5.6GHz 5.4GHz 5.3GHz
Base clock speed 4.5GHz 4.7GHz 4.5GHz 4.7GHz
Cache (L2 + L3) 80MB 76MB 40MB 38MB
TDP 170W 170W 105W 105W

At the root of any processor are its cores. Ryzen 5000 CPUs are based on a Zen 3 core design, while Ryzen 7000 uses the newer Zen 4. Zen 3 brought big changes to AMD’s architecture, improving clock speeds and unifying its 8-core complex and L3 cache into a single resource, so core-to-core and core-to-cache latency were almost non-existent.

This Zen 3 architecture is what gave AMD such a huge spec bump in multi-thread performance when up against Intel processors. But the Zen 4 design is an entirely different beast.

The new Zen 4 offers up to two times more L2 cache and load/store bandwidth and introduces RDNA2 graphics to the core. The jump in clock speed is the most stark change, however, which is where the extra power demands likely come from, despite the CPUs using a more-efficient 5nm TSMC process.

Zen 3 processors topped out at 105W at most, while Zen 4 processors climb to 170W. That’s not the highest power consumption possible, either, as flagships like the Ryzen 9 7950X can boost up to 230W when under a stressful load. That’s nearly as much as Intel’s Core i9-12900K, which is one of the hottest, most power-hungry processors on the market.

Clearly, Ryzen 7000 draws more power, but AMD is still stressing that they’re more efficient processors compared to Ryzen 5000. It’s not about much power you draw, after all. It’s about what performance you get for that power.

Performance

A group shot of Ryzen 7000 CPUs.

For raw performance, it’s no surprise that Ryzen 7000 improves on the previous generation, but it does so in quite dramatic fashion.

Single core benchmarks for the Ryzen 9 7950X.

In our testing the 16-core 7950X showed a real-world 31% increase over the Ryzen 9 5950X in Cinebench R23 and a 25% increase in Geekbench 5. AMD previously claimed it would offer a 29% improvement over the previous generation, so the reality is better than its promises — a rarity in this industry. Better yet, it pulls ahead of the Core i9-12900K by a few percent points too.

Ryzen 7000 does even better in heavily-multi-threaded testing too, not only smashing the 5950X, but it walks all over the 12900K, which bodes well for future matchups with Intel’s next-generation Raptor Lake processors.

Multi-core benchmark results for the Ryzen 9 7950X.

These synthetic numbers are all well and good, but what about in gaming? There AMD had a greater mountain to climb as it had to compete with not only the Intel 12900K, but its own 5800X3D which has retained the gaming crown since its release earlier this year. Fortunastely, Zen 4 delivers with improved performance over even that powerhouse.

Gaming benchmarks for the Ryzen 9 7950X.

CPUs don’t make a huge difference to in-game performance, but they still play their part, especially when you’re dealing with esports games and lightweight titles that hit high frame rates already. Here we can see that the 7950X does a great job enhancing performance across a number of games.

We don’t have raw performance numbers for the other CPUs in the Ryzen 7000 range, but it’s clear from our 7950X sample that Zen 4 cores offer impressive performance and that it should be replicated throughout the range of new CPUs. We’ll update our coverage when we have more hands-on time with the new chips to confirm our suspicions.

AMD is stressing efficiency a lot this generation, likely on the back of an increased power draw for its flagship chips. The company says the 35% overall improvement at max power actually increases to a 74% improvement when limiting the flagship Ryzen 9 7950X to 65W. Overall, AMD claims that Ryzen 7000 consumes up to 62% less power at the same performance as the previous generation. In our testing it did prove to be relatively efficient, topping out just over 200W at full load. It does run warm, though, so Zen 4 may need more capable cooling across the board to keep it running at peak performance.

Platform features

An AMD Ryzen 7000 processor slotted into a motherboard.

Performance and specs matter, but Ryzen 7000 is mostly different from the previous generation due to its platform features. In particular, Ryzen 7000 supports DDR5 and PCIe 5.0, while Ryzen 5000 is limited to DDR4 and PCIe 4.0. Newer is faster and faster is better, but Ryzen 7000’s platform features are set up for the future more so than the present.

Even the best DDR5 RAM only provides modest uplifts in most workloads, and virtually no difference when it comes to gaming. It can offer a big boost for some memory-sensitive workloads, but those are mostly relevant in the data center, not a home PC. Similarly, PCIe 4.0 is just starting to mature enough that hard drives with the connection are readily available, so PCIe 5.0 is still quite a ways off.

The biggest perk Ryzen 7000 has over the previous generation is the AM5 socket. AMD is ditching the AM4 socket it has used since 2016, effectively ending your upgrade path if you use Ryzen 5000 now. AMD says it will continue supporting AM5 through 2025 and beyond, so building a Ryzen 7000 PC opens up your options for easier upgrades in the future.

Which should you buy?

The Ryzen 9 7900X sitting against a box.

If you’re building a completely new PC, Ryzen 7000 makes the most sense. It offers a clear upgrade path and it’s sure to at least outperform Ryzen 5000. We still need to benchmark the chips ourselves, but AMD’s claims are promising.

Ryzen 5000 is still competitive, though. If you’re just upgrading your PC, you can score a great deal on a Ryzen 5000 processor and motherboard now that the next generation is coming down the pike. They don’t offer the tippy-top performance, sure, but they’re still really close considering how much money you can save right now.

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