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How to alphabetize data in an Excel spreadsheet

Microsoft Excel is as good at working with text as it is with numbers, giving you the ability to manipulate both kinds of data in the ways that make the most sense for your needs. The ability to easily alphabetize data in Excel is a prime example.

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5 minutes

What You Need

  • Microsoft Excel

Using the alphabetize buttons

The easiest way to alphabetize data in Excel is to use one of the simplified sorting buttons located under the Data tab in the menu at the top of the spreadsheet.

Step 1: These buttons default to either an A-Z or a Z-A sorting order and can either sort a single column or sort multiple columns in a table. In the latter case, the tool defaults to sorting by the left-most column.

Simplified sort buttons in Microsoft Excel.

Step 2: To sort using one of the buttons, select your column or table. In this case, we're using the second table in the sample spreadsheet.

Selecting a tablet in Microsoft Excel.

Step 3: Click the A-Z button. This will alphabetize the table by the contents of the First Name column. You could also sort in reverse order by using the Z-A button.

Data alphabetized by first column in Microsoft Excel.

Alphabetize using the Sort command

If you want more control over how your data is alphabetized, use the Sort command.

Step 1: Select your table and then click the Sort button. This will open the Sort dialog box. By default, the tool will sort by the left-most column in A-to-Z order, and it will assume you have data headers that should be used in the sorting process. If you don't have headers, then deselect My data has headers.

Selecting a table and using the Sort button in Microsoft Excel.

Step 2: Click the Options button. Here, you can choose whether your data is case sensitive and whether to sort top to bottom or left to right.

Sort options in Microsoft Excel.

Step 3: In our example, we're going to sort by Location and then by Last Name. To do so, we'll select Location in the first Sort by drop-down box. Then, we'll click Add Level to select Last Name from the drop-down box. You can also use the Delete Level and Copy Level options as necessary.

Sorting options selected in Microsoft Excel.

Step 4: Click OK when finished making your selections. Your data will now be sorted by Location first and then by Last Name.

Table sorted by options in Microsoft Excel.

For more on how to use Excel, check out our guide on how to password protect an Excel file.

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