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Should you turn your computer off at night? We asked an expert

The idea that you should avoid turning your computer off at night is pretty popular: After all, frequent shutdowns and start ups are going to have an impact on the components and wear them out faster. Aren’t they? On the other hand, you’d imagine having your computer running all the time is going to contribute to wear and tear as well, wouldn’t you?

So what’s the deal? Should you turn it off or leave it on?

“It depends on how often you use it,” explains Geek Squad Agent Steven Leslie. “If you use your computer multiple times per day, it’s best to leave it on. If you use it for a short time — say an hour or two — just once a day, or even less, then turn it off.”

What’s the problem?

Obviously cutting the power or pulling the cable without shutting down properly could do damage, but are components at risk from standard shut downs and start ups? What impact is turning that computer on and off having, and how does it compare to leaving it on all the time?

“Leaving a computer on all the time is less stressful than turning it off and on several times a day — but it is a constant stress.”

“Leaving a computer on all the time is less stressful than turning it off and on several times a day — but it is a constant stress,” says Steven. “Every time a computer powers on, it has a small surge of power as everything spins up, and if you are turning it on multiple times a day, it can shorten the computer’s lifespan.”

The risks are greater the older your computer is. A traditional hard disk drive, for example, has moving parts, whereas a solid state drive doesn’t and is far more robust as a result. But it’s not just the spin up or down that has an effect. Mechanical parts will fail eventually, and using them constantly will inevitably wear them down. Computers also heat up when they’re on, and heat is the enemy of all components.

Related: Does staring at screens all day really damage your eyes?

“Some items have a limited life cycle. For instance, if the [LCD] panel is left on all the time, it’s only spec’ed for about 15,000 hours, or about 2 years. For this reason, it’s good to let the panel time-out and turn off when not being used,” says HP’s Ajay Gupta, Director of Notebook Product Management and Commercial PCs. “The battery and hard drive also have a limited life cycle. Allowing them to turn off (or sleep) and spin down when not being used will extend the life of these components.”

The real reasons to leave it on or turn it off

There’s still debate about the impact of shutting down and starting up modern components. To many, the very concept that shut-downs and start-ups create extra stress is dated, based on old components and mechanical parts we no longer have in modern systems. Leaving that argument to one side, there are some solid reasons for leaving it on or turning it off that aren’t up for debate.

Reasons to leave it on

  • You’re using the PC as a server or you want to be able to remotely access it.
  • There are background updates, virus scans, or other activities you’d like to occur while you’re away.
  • You never want to wait for it to start up.

Reasons to turn it off

  • Leaving it on wastes electricity and can slightly increase your power bill.
  • You don’t want to be disturbed by notifications or fan noise.
  • Computer performance generally benefits from an occasional reboot.

Sleep or hibernate?

“Sleep is fine because it puts the computer into a low power state without turning it completely off,” says Steven, “In hibernate, your computer stops using power and resumes where it was when you put it in that mode. Hibernate is a less desirable option because it produces wear and tear that is similar to start and stop.”

Related: Hibernation versus sleep explained

So if you’re going to leave it on all the time, make sure that you check out the Sleep options in the Shut down menu. You could save a lot of power with no real downside.

Looking after your PC

The rise of smartphones and tablets has led to a decline in PC sales, but the majority of Americans still have a desktop in the house, and they’re ubiquitous in the workplace. The average American spends 103 minutes on a laptop or PC every day, according to Mary Meeker’s Internet Trends 2014 report.

“If you use your computer more than once a day, leave it on at least all day.”

Millions of PCs end up on the scrapheap every year as well; according to the Electronics TakeBack Coalition, almost 52 million computers were thrown away in the U.S. in 2010 alone. Shouldn’t we try to squeeze a little extra life out of our desktops by taking better care of them?

“Always use a surge protector,” suggests Steven, “For the best lifespan, get a universal power supply (UPS), which is basically a battery backed-up surge protector. These help condition power to even it out, preventing power spikes that can lower the lifespan of your computer’s components.”

Keeping your computer clean will also help it last longer. That means opening it up and getting rid of dust and debris, as well as uninstalling old software and cleaning up old files and processes.

The final word

“If you use your computer more than once a day, leave it on at least all day,” says Steven, “If you use it in the morning and at night, you can leave it on overnight as well. If you use your computer for only a few hours once a day, or less often, turn it off when you are done.”

Related: Spring clean your computer to extend its life

There you have it. The answer depends on how you use your computer, and what you need it to do.